Authors: Mauro Barni, Andrea Costanzo, Ehsan Nowroozi, Benedetta Tondi
Conference Detail: 2018 25th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), Year: 2018
Detection of contrast adjustments in the presence of JPEG post processing is known to be a challenging task. JPEG post processing is often applied innocently, as JPEG is the most common image format, or it may correspond to a laundering attack, when it is purposely applied to erase the traces of manipulation. In this paper, we propose a CNN-based detector for generic contrast adjustment, which is robust to JPEG compression. The proposed system relies on a patch-based Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), trained to distinguish pristine images from contrast adjusted images, for some selected adjustment operators of different nature. Robustness to JPEG compression is achieved by training the CNN with JPEG examples, compressed over a range of Quality Factors (QFs). Experimental results show that the detector works very well and scales well with respect to the adjustment type, yielding very good performance under a large variety of unseen tonal adjustments.